The Eradication of War: An Idealistic Dream in a Realistic World

22 Nov

Written by Simon S. Sundaraj-Keun

Introduction

The Eradication of War is dilemma; yet a solvable problem if all parties could agree to sit down and talk it out. To get all factions to the negotiation table requires a strong individual with the understanding of the crisis from its core. Then the main objective is to get all warring groups to stop fighting and prevent further more killing of innocent civilians.

Part I: Sanctions

The United Nations (UN) will impose a military sanction on all parties. It will be the trump card to bring all groups together. This move will prevent the purchase of ammunition and weapons by all sides. In order for the sanctions to take into effect requires the cooperation of everyone. The reasoning behind this is to contain and prevent the flow of arms to the warring factions. If one curtails their capability to make war only then the negotiations will begin.

These sanctions would deteriorate the ability to fight. Eventually the killing of civilians would come to a grinding stop. Its may seen cruel by watching and waiting for the result but it’s a necessary evil. The other reason for military arms sanction and not an economic sanction would be seen as a positive step that the world is behind the people or civilians of the conflict zone. One does not want the people the conflict zone to hate the world if the UN imposes an economic sanction. Economic sanctions have proved its insignificance in Iraq and North Korea. Remember in order to win the hearts and minds of a country are not to inflict pain on the people who need saving and by directly canonize the people’s demon.

The reason why both parties will attend the conference is because its economy came to a grinding halt under the sanctions. Any country in the globe whose economy depends on tourism, exports, and foreign aid can be suppressed by sanctions. If the continue civil strife does not stop then the tourists will not come and exports does not leave ports. Foreign aid will also cease due to the insecure atmosphere that would guarantee the safe use of aid capitals in Nepal.  Thus revenue will cease to flow. Once this happen investment will be pulled out of a country to another stable nation where profits could be obtained. Even if it’s only a military sanction the ripple effect will be felt by all levels of country’s infrastructure. The reason is simple everything from industrial to trade that sustains the machine of war is link. This symbiotic relationship between military and civil infrastructures will bring the war effort to a stop.

Part II: Intervention

Firstly, the people are very patriotic and will defend their nation state furiously when there is an outside army showing up without invitation so a direct military intervention is out of the question. It will be a logistical nightmare to pour troops into a mountainous, jungle, or inhospitable terrain. Plus the vast majority of countries in the world does not have an entire army dedicated to long protracted warfare. If all logistical problems are solve then the peacekeepers have to face a hostile population that is zealous and radicalize by a blood honor that resides deep in their cultural religious heritage or ideological entrenched or feel they are about to lose everything. Simple math would suggest the idea is to portray the international community as the mediator and enforcer of the peace not as occupiers.

The United States of America will be convinced it’s in their best interest to stop a conflict if there is a general consensus and the lost of lives or none of their troops will be involved. Stability will be the main objective of United States foreign policy. In turn the Sanctions by the UN will work with the backing of the United States government plus China, Russia, France and United Kingdom working for the benefits of the world. Stopping foreign arms and fighters must be the utmost important because they can breed resentment or stir up the country to their ideology or radical politics. Instead of extinguishing the flame of unrest we might add fuel into the fire by providing highly trained foreign fighters for both warring factions. The goal is stability of the current conflict and to do so is to prevent material aid in the form of human beings.

Secondly, the factions will be force to the peace talks if it seems the support from its allies wither away. In order to get the Security Council to agree; is to convince them that a stable country would be to their best interest by logical reasoning. If country plunges into a total civil anarchy the region would plunge into a major conflict. Some radicals within both sides of the supporting regional players would want to take sides and this might in turn be a clash of arms between the neighboring countries of the conflict zones to clash in an all out war for domination of the region.

Then necessary and extraordinary steps will be taken by the Indian government to prevent groups within her borders who are financing and supporting the warring factions. These sympathetic groups that support the will be subjected to sanctions and criminal prosecutions. The same severe punishment goes for any officials or radical members within the populace like NGOs that offer aid and arms to the warring parties in a conflict zone. The criminal prosecutions under the notion of subversion and corruption by individuals, groups, or states will be conducted by the international community and respective host nations. In order to have a relative truce and the continuation of a peaceful dialogue would mean all forms of assistance for both warring groups will have to cease.

Finally, the rebels will accept the olive branch in order to promote their public image as a people’s party. To negotiate with a highly radicalize group would seem impossible but not conceivable. One simple reason that would bring these rebels to the peace conference will be public relation. It is there only opportunity to share their side of the story to the world. If they don’t the possibility of defeat is inevitable. The lost of arm supplies will cause problems in maintaining an offense against or a defense from a well entrenched regime. There is no escape once the borders around the conflict zone are sealed off.

Part III: Negotiation

Now the only option would be to negotiate for a deal and plus its time to put the rebels preaching into practice. If they are to be acknowledged by the civilians as the people champions then it’s a necessity to live up to that expectation. The rebels would be reminder that they stand lose everything including the people support if they don’t participate. Then their nemesis the government would be seen as the people’s champions. The play on cultural cogitation like honor and courage would be the key in bringing these rebels to the table. Plus there is a time and place for the rebels to carry out an easy but honorable death. If the rebels value the people it would convince them to be courageous and beneficial to pursuit peace in order to serve the people.

Then the peace process of negotiation could begin once the infighting between the warring factions. The delegations to this peace conference will be composed of various arm factions, supporters and major players. For security purpose the peace summit will be held in neutral territory. Representations from all sides are the key to a successful negotiation.

External or International representation at the peace summit is also a necessity to see the successful ending to the Civil War. UN security council representatives will attend this negotiation due to the fact each of these nations has a stake in the outcome of the peace summit. One might say that the representation is overwhelming, but it’s a necessary evil to make sure all avenues in solving this crisis is put the test. The UN will be mediating the three-part summit. The first section will be the domestic issue of civil war and the other is the post conflict rebuilding with the assistance of nations previously mention. The final summit will be the cooperation framework between all parties in agreeing to the terms and conditions that was agreed upon the first two summits.

The first summit or round one will be trying to strike a deal with the various groups. Overtures like the will have to dissolve martial law, disarm all warring factions, lift the ban on the press, release the politicians, and pardon the rebels. It will be difficult to convince a regime especially one that thinks it is the law of the land but it could be done. The choices of words will be an important part in getting the regime support. If the regime agrees to a peace treaty with the rebels it would be to all to benefit. Regime must release the political prisoners to make peace with the common people and admit to the miscalculations made during the regime administration by apologizing to the people of the conflict zone. After all the over ridding fact is those politicians under house arrest are elected by the people of the conflict zone. Then the emphasis on how regime would want its legacy to be remembered as tyrant or a benevolent ruler.

Eventually, the rebels will be able to propose their points for a peace agreement. This will be done so after all the criteria for peace overtures are accomplished by the regime. Before the rebels could offer their peace points they must disarm themselves, come clean with all their transactions with shadowy groups or supporters, and stop attacking civilians or villagers. Then a proposal will be made to endorse a join commission of the warring factions and UN observers to bring criminals from both sides who committed atrocities in Civil War. The two warring faction would want each side to declare a formal surrender and it will be unacceptable because both are guilty for aggression against the people.

The first negotiation of a three-part peace summit consists of the warring parties will end with the dissolve of the regime and its government, a signed peace treaty, and the call for a referendum. The regime will be kept in place as a ceremonial purpose in order to keep the tradition alive as part of the agreement. In the referendum they will be a ballot for having a monarch or president as a leader but with limited powers (constitutional monarchy), parliamentary system or presidential system. No matter what is the outcome of the referendum the monarch will be the head of state with ceremonial duties. The assurance of keeping the monarch in power is a psychological move to win the hearts and minds of all people.

Once the referendum is decided the parties will draft a constitution and the people shall vote on it. The backing of the people is crucial for the formation of the new government. The people will vote for new representatives into the new government after the acceptance of a new constitution and improve political frame-work. The will of the people must be recognized and then the selection of a new political frame-work by the people and the establishment of the victorious party into the new government. The new government will acknowledge the monarch or president as the head of state or to abolish the position all together. Finally both sides will recognize the constitution and the process of reconciliation will be a priority under the direction of the commission. This acknowledgement is important in order to provide stability and legitimacy in to the hands of the civil government. The new government will form under the guidance of the UN and will focus on the rebuilding of the country.

Part IV: Reconstruction

In order to make the peace treaty with all factions in the conflict zone a success it would need the aid of the International community and Non governmental organizations based within country’s borders. The UN will be instructed to spread the message to the people about the upcoming referendums and governmental elections. One might say three elections is going to be time-consuming but it’s a must after the death of thousands from infighting will come to an end on a couple of pieces of papers drop into a ballot box. These elections will be taken place over a period of six months with the referendum on forming of a new government will come first follow by the approval of the constitution and finally the election for a new government.

Then the second part of the three parts will begin after the peace treaty is ed but before the implementations of the treaty. This would give the International Community time to send necessary assistance first before the rebuilding could start.

The first priority is the prevention and continuation of violence. The needs in deploying UN peacekeepers are to provide protection to the UN observers and to provide assurance that the elections are free and fair for the country. Before these UN peace enforcers could be deployed there must be an announcement to the people that the UN force is invited to assure the best interest of people could become a reality. They must also disarm the rebels and regime forces. It would ensure the safety of UN personals in the zone. The ballot counting will be done by neutral representatives with the presence of all groups involved at the peace negotiations.
The question comes to people’s mind why one has kept on continuing a peace summit when a treaty is sign. The answer is to prevent war or hostilities to continue between the two groups. Plus it would also get the UN to aid the new government in rebuilding the country after stability is obtained after the elections. The UN will deploy peacekeeping troops to provide security for the country until the rebuilding and reforming of the National Army. The UN will work closely with the civil authority until the new national police could be formed. These deployments will occur immediately after peace treaty is sign.

The disarm regime and rebels that are not prosecuted by the commission will be allowed to rejoined the new army. The Civil Security or police force will be recruited from the population and its officers will come from expatriates who live abroad whom will bring talents and expertise. Neighbors of the conflict zone who participation in the peace process is for regional stability and to prevent to flow of refugees into its borders.

In finishing the second summit will require United States expertise in aiding the Nepalese to form a version of the Supreme Court. This Supreme Court will act as a balance of power between the legislature, executive, and monarchy if any future problems that arise. The representations of this court will derive from the different parts or social strata of society. There will be nine justices and they will consist of five elected by the people, two selected of the state house, one by the ruling government and one by the president. These justices will serve a life term and must be well verse in law, political science and sociology. The reason is if a case comes before the court these justices must weigh in that their judgments have implications in the outcome of their ruling.

After all sides could agree on the roles it will need to take on with the signing of an agreement between the factions and the International Community. Then the rebuilding civil infrastructures could start after the six months of elections and government reforms. A stable state would rise up from the major reforms and now begins the rebuilding of a post war society. The people trust in the civil and military authority will be earned with the assistance of the International Community. This is made possible with the assistance of UN that reintroduce rule of law and civil institutions who are trained in western doctrine of civil management and respect to civilian authority.

The UN troop contingents will reduce down in size over the next five years. The reason is to maintain order and stability but most important to ensure the new Army and Police forces is capable in performing their duties. It will also assure the people that the army will be in charge of the frontier regions and will remain in their barracks. The new police force will be tested in performing their duties in enforcing the civil authority of government. The overall theme of reform within the civil security and armed forces is to earn the respect and honor of the people. It will also build a sense of national confidence in the new government as a peace builder. The strengths and professionalism shown by the new armed forces will reflect on the long rooted tradition of honor by the people in serving their nation-state.

Lastly in the process to reintroduce the sanctioned state back into the International Community by the final round of the three-part summit. This time the country will be represented by the new government. The agenda would be the follow of financial aid in order to rebuild its civil infrastructure and it would require the assistance of Intergovernmental Organizations and Nongovernmental Organizations. The respective organizations will be designated to their ability and specialty to assist in the reconstruction of the state. Education, communication and medical care should be restored in order to sustain a peace.

The rebuilding of Nepal will begin after the signing of a final treaty between the new government and the UN. Terms of this new treaty will take into effect in the new five-year administration of the new government. This is important to set a standard of living for all civilians are in order to sustain and maintain a long-lasting peace. The entire civil infrastructure of the country will be worked from the ground up. Priority will be given to education because without it the common man will be mindless pawns in another mans political game. Next will be communication in order to provide correct and vital information from the government to rest of the state. Health care will be instituted throughout the country in order to better combat diseases and increase a standard of living for civilians located in the rural countryside. Plus it is better for states that arose from conflict to be spent on health care as disease and outbreaks are a more likely occurrence than gunfire.

The rebuilding of schools will be aided by the NGOs and UNESCO. In order access to these schools will require new roads to and from villages. Education will play a pinnacle role in education the population about the current and past events in order to prevent a future of uncertainty or violence. If the people can read then they can act to create their own destiny. UN will assist the people to construct the roads throughout state. Communications trough the country will be interconnected with the new roads and it will help provide some accessibility and interaction between the government and the people.

There will be assistance coming from the International Red Cross to develop the health care system throughout country. The United Nation’s World Health Organization will offer professional aid to the new government in building and upgrading medical facilities. The United States, UK, and India will train of doctors and nurses. In providing access to health care the new government will build a foundation among the common people. Other necessities like a clean water and electric supply could follow in order to provide jobs and sustain the new government legitimacy over the state.

The real test will be by the people after the five years of governmental reforms and rebuilding of the state. Then the people of Nepal will decide on the successes of the new government by elections. This final election will give the Nepalese government the mandate by the people to represent them in the international arena. To assure the election is free and fair it will be monitored by the NGOs and UN observers. Once the election is dealt with the new government will declare the legitimacy of the government. All foreign personal will be withdrawn from state and full control of all civil tasks is now in the control of the newly elected government.

Conclusion

To every problem there is a solution but its lies in the hands of a few influential individuals. The issue of country at war lies within its history and culture but its forgotten treasure is its people. A government should always remember that it’s not the amount of gold in its treasury has but its responsibility to the people. A new tradition would be born out of the power of a pen and not by the sharpness of a dagger or by the barrel of a gun. Finally the very nature of the existence of order and anarchy in a state lies in the hands of the people. A country’s destiny lies in the hands of the people because its existence begins and ends with them.

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